Wednesday, June 11, 2008
Introduction to ‘orang Tutong’ and ‘basa Tutong’
‘Orang Tutong’ or puak Tutong is one of the seven puak jati (indigenous groups) of Brunei Darussalam. Orang Tutong speaks ‘basa Tutong’ – Tutong dialect or Tutong language (other than Brunei Malay and Standard Malay). To say basa Tutong as a dialect or a language depends on the perspective you look at. In term of linguistics, basa Tutong is a language. But in term of national perspective basa Tutong is just a dialect. (To explain why, I need to open my sociolinguistics textbook which I will do some days later).
Adat Burih Pu-o
Adat burih pu-o (ritual of pouring water) is the highlight of orang Tutong wedding ceremony. It is to be held if any one of both couple is orang Tutong (This may depend on the agreement between both family). The couple usually bersanding twice. First, on the pelamin (=wedding dais, a place built for the groom and his bride to be seated and seen by all the guests) inside the house and later outside the house where the adat burih pu-o is performed.
Photo shows the pelamin outside the house where the couple are going to be seated during adat burih pu-o. The place where adat burih pu-o is not necessarily like this. A couple of nice chairs is enough. (Photo: Abdul Rashid Tahir. Taken on 8 June 2008)
The most important items in adat burih pu-o is gayung (=water scoop, the previous generation use coconut shell and a wooden as its handle), ipang (=water container made from clay), and, of course, the water (with flower added, if you want).
Photo shows the ipang and the gayung that are used in the adat burih pu-o. (Photo: Abdul Rashid Tahir. Taken on 8 June 2008)
The items may not necessarily use what the old or previous generation usually use. As long as the items able to fulfil the need of performing the burih pu-o part, it is okay. Therefore you still can use plastic water scoop and plastic water container (which are look nice, of course). But using what is usually called traditional (I do not like to use the word ‘traditional’ here) is to maintain the old or previous generations items so that such items are still can be seen by today generation (and the next generation, too). In addition, there two more items that must be ready, that is, a dangul (=parang, the malay cutting tools) and a sharpening stone.
Somebody among the family (preferably from orang Tutong side) invites the wedding guests and family members of both couple sides to come forward to perform adat burih pu-o. Usually parents and close relatives of both couple sides will do the pouring first. Then, anybody from the guests including friends will do the pouring.
Photo shows a person is collecting the money on the behalf of the couple in the adat burih pu-o. (Photo: Abdul Rashid Tahir. Taken on 8 June 2008)
Photo shows the groom's right feet is put on the bride's right feet and both feet step on the dangul and the sharpening stone. (Photo: Abdul Rashid Haji Tahir. Taken on 8 June 2008).